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IELTS reading: Match the names

03/12/2021 19:34:34

IELTS Reading: match the names

One type of question asks you to "match the names with the statements". You will see a list of people's names (often researchers or experts) and you have to match each name with a statement about what he/she did or said.

Here's some advice for this type of question:

  1. Find all of the names in the passage first. Scan the whole passage quickly (this is probably the only type of exercise for which scanning works well) and underline all the names that the question asks you about.
  2. Remember that academic articles often only use surnames. For example, if one of the names is Robert Smith, you might not see the first name 'Robert' in the passage. Just look for the surname 'Smith'.
  3. Do difficult questions last. If one name is mentioned 3 times in 3 different paragraphs, it will be more difficult to match with a statement than a name that is only mentioned once. Start with the name that is only mentioned once.
  4. When you find a match, put a cross next to the statement; you will only use each statement once.
  5. As usual, look for "keywords" - words in the passage that are similar to words in the question statements

PRACTICE 1

Read the following passage about the history of the computer.

The history of the computer can be traced back around 2000 years to the birth of the abacus. However, construction of the first digital computer is usually attributed to the French inventor Blaise Pascal. In 1642, Pascal built a mechanical calculating machine which added numbers entered with dials. In the early 19th century, Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer, originated the concept of a programmable computer. His ‘Analytical Engine’ incorporated an arithmetic logic unit, control flow in the form of conditional branching and loops, and integrated memory, making it the first design for a general-purpose computer that could be described in modern terms.

The era of modern computing began with a flurry of development before and during World War II. The ‘Z2’ was one of the earliest examples of an electro-mechanical relay computer, and was created by German engineer Konrad Zuse in 1939. In the same year, electro-mechanical devices called bombes were built by British cryptologists to help decipher secret wartime messages. The initial design of the bombe was produced by Alan Turing, who was the first scientist to describe the principle of the modern computer. He proved that a machine would be capable of performing any conceivable mathematical computation if it were representable as an algorithm.

The Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed ‘Baby’, was the world's first stored-program computer. It was invented by Frederic Williams and Tom Kilburn, and ran its first program in 1948. Although the computer was considered "small and primitive" by the standards of its time, it was the first working machine to contain all of the elements essential to a modern electronic computer.

Which scientist or inventor...

  1. designed a computer to aid military intelligence gathering?
  2. introduced the concept of the computer as a programmable machine?
  3. built the first electronic computer that had all the basic features of the computers we use today?
  4. built the first mechanical computer?

Choose your answers from the following list:

A - Blaise Pascal
B - Charles Babbage
C - Konrad Zuse
D - Alan Turing
E - Frederic Williams and Tom Kilburn

 

PRACTICE 2

Read the following passage and try the matching exercise below.

London Bridge

Many historical bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames in central London. The current crossing, which was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1973, was built using concrete and steel. This replaced a 19th-century stone-arched bridge, which in turn superseded a 600-year-old medieval structure. This was preceded by a succession of timber bridges, the first built by the Roman founders of London.

“Old” London Bridge was built between 1176 and 1209, during the reign of King John. The bridge was around 8 metres wide and 250 metres long, and it had a drawbridge for the passage of tall ships up-river, and defensive gatehouses at both ends. By the fifteenth century there were some 200 buildings on the bridge. Some stood up to seven stories high, some overhung the river by seven feet, and some overhung the road, to form a dark tunnel through which all traffic had to pass. By the end of the 18th century, it was apparent that “Old” London Bridge, which was by then over 600 years old, needed to be replaced.

The “New” London Bridge was designed by John Rennie and opened in 1831. It was 283 metres long and 15 metres wide, and in 1896 it was the busiest point in London, with 8,000 pedestrians and 900 vehicles crossing it every hour. By 1962, “New” London Bridge was not sound enough to support the increased load of modern traffic, and it was sold by the City of London. The purchaser, an American entrepreneur called Robert P. McCulloch, bought the bridge as a tourist attraction for Lake Havasu in Arizona, USA. The bridge was taken apart, each piece was meticulously numbered, and the blocks were then shipped to Arizona, where the bridge was reconstructed.

Which bridge is described in each statement below? Choose A, B or C.

  1. Many buildings were constructed on it.
  2. It has a royal connection.
  3. It was taken to a new location.
  4. It had fortified entrances.
  5. It could not cope with increasing congestion.

A - Old London Bridge
B - New London Bridge
C - The current London Bridge

 

(Source: Internet - Simon's Reading Tips)

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