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26 Từ vựng hay về HEALTH

24/10/2021 16:33:54

Trong bài thi IELTS Speaking các bạn có thể được hỏi các câu hỏi liên quan đến vấn đề sức khỏe. Thầy tổng hợp và giới thiệu đến các bạn 26 cụm từ hay về chủ đề này. Ngoài ra, các bạn có thể tham khảo phần EXAMPLE để thực hành thêm. Chúc các bạn thành công.

  1. aches and pains: minor pains that continue over a period of time: nhức mỏi
  2. to be a bit off color: to feel a little ill: cảm thấy hơi mệt/ có vẻ bị bệnh
  3. to be at death’s door: (informal) to be very ill indeed: bệnh rất nặng/ sắp chết
  4. to be on the mend: to be recovering after an illness: đang phục hồi
  5. to be over the worst: to have got through the most serious or uncomfortable stage of an illness: đã qua cơn nguy kịch
  6. to be under the weather: (informal) to not feel well: không khoẻ/ hơi mệt
  7. a blocked nose: when the nose has excess fluid due to a cold = a stiffy nose: nghẹt mũi
  8. to catch a cold: to get a cold: bị cảm lạnh
  9. a check-up: a physical examination by a doctor: khám bệnh
  10. a chesty cough: a cough caused by congestion around the lungs: ho kèm tức ngực
  11. cuts and bruises: minor injuries: vết thương nhẹ (vết đứt và bầm)
  12. to feel poorly: to feel ill: cảm thấy mệt/ bệnh
  13. as fit as a fiddle: to be very healthy: rất khoẻ
  14. to go/ come down with (a cold): to become ill: ngã bệnh (cảm lạnh)
  15. to go private: to choose to be treated by commercial healthcare rather than by services offered by the state: khám dịch vụ
  16. GP: General Practitioner (family doctor): bác sĩ gia đình
  17. to have a filling: to have a tooth repaired: trám răng
  18. to have a tooth out: to have a tooth removed: nhổ răng
  19. a heavy cold: a bad cold: cảm nặng
  20. to make an appointment: to arrange a time to see the doctor: hẹn gặp
  21. to make a speedy recovery: to recover quickly from an illness: phục hồi nhanh
  22. to phone in sick: to call work to explain you won’t be attending work due to illness: gọi điện thoại báo bệnh
  23. prescription charges: money the patient pays for medicine authorised by a doctor: phí khám bệnh
  24. to pull a muscle: to strain a muscle: căng cơ
  25. a runny nose: a nose that has liquid coming out of it: bị sổ mũi
  26. a sore throat: inflammation that causes pain when swallowing: bị đau họng

EXAMPLE

Part 1-style questions

Examiner: Have you got a relation you’re particularly fond of?
Seniti: Yes … my granddad … he’s 94 years old but generally he’s as fit as a fiddle … we’re very close and see each other a lot … whenever he goes down with a cold or is under the weather I make a point of visiting him …

Examiner: Do you do any sport?
Jon: Yes … I’m keen on skateboarding … but I haven’t done it for a while … I had a bad fall recently and pulled a muscle and had a few cuts and bruises … but I’m on the mend and hope to be doing it again soon …

Examiner: Is there anything you’re particularly afraid of?
David: The dentist … I hate going to the dentist … I only ever go if I have a toothache so it usually means I have to have a filling or even have a tooth out … I really don’t like it …

Part 2-style task

Describe a time when you were ill. You should say:

  • when this was
  • what your symptoms were
  • how long the illness lasted

and say how it affected your life at the time.

Pierre:  This is a tricky one really as I’m usually quite healthy … I’ve never been seriously ill … like everyone else I sometimes get a few aches and pains or catch a cold … I can remember a few months ago I had to have time off work with a heavy cold … I had the usual symptoms … a blocked nose … sore throat … it lasted quite a while … about 2 weeks I think though I didn’t have that much time off work … for a few days I remember feeling poorly but I was over the worst of it after a few days and went back to work … I always find it’s better to be active when you feel ill as it keeps your mind of your symptoms … I think my family get a little fed up with me when I’m ill though … I tend to feel sorry for myself and lie on the sofa all day as if I’m at death’s door … but as I said earlier … on this occasion it was nothing serious and didn’t really cause me any problems …

Part 3-style questions

Examiner: What costs are involved when you are ill in your country?
Anya: Well … people have to pay prescription charges which can be quite expensive … but fortunately general healthcare is free … unless you want to go private of course and then  you can pay a fortune for your treatment …

Examiner: In your experience are people too quick to take time off work when they’re ill?
Alicia: Yes.. I’ve got friends who have a day off work if they wake up with a runny nose … and in most cases they seem to make a speedy recovery after they’ve phoned in sick …

Examiner: Do women pay more attention to their health than men?
Julie: I think so yes … women are more likely to see their GP for a check-up if they’re concerned about something … men tend to avoid facing up to any health problems they have … my dad always seems to have a very chesty cough but refuses to go to make an appointment to see the doctor …

 

CÂU HỎI THỰC HÀNH

Part 1: Quick responses

  1. How often do you have a medical check-up (khám sức khỏe tổng quát)?
  2. Where do you usually prefer to have your medical test, at a clinic (trung tâm y tế) or at a hospital?
  3. Is it compulsory (bắt buộc) to have bi-annual medical check-ups (khám định kỳ 2 lần/ năm) in your country?
  4. In your opinion, how often should a person have his (her) medical test/ check-up? Why?
  5. Is it true that children under six years of age may have medical care free of charge (miễn phí) in Vietnam?
  6. How about the poor or the elderly? Do they get free nursing care (được chăm sóc sức khỏe miễn phí)?
  7. Is it true that all people in your country have health insurance? How about life insurance?
  8. In your opinion, is it necessary to have health insurance (bảo hiểm y tế)? Or life insurance (bảo hiểm nhân thọ)? Why or why not?
  9. Can you name some common types of insurance that people in Vietnam usually have?

 

  1. How often do you play sports or do exercise?
  2. Do you think that you usually eat healthful diets (ăn uống có lợi cho sức khỏe)?
  3. How often do you have fast foods? Junk foods?
  4. What is your favorite dish? Is it good for your health?
  5. Do you always have enough sleep? Is it important to have a nap at midday?
  • Healthy (adj) free of disease (khỏe) E.g. Mark is very healthy/ a healthy man.
  • Healthful (adj) be conductive to health, something that contributes to health (có lợi cho sức khỏe)

E.g. Healthful food, healthful lifestyle, healthful eating

Part 2: Description

  1. Describe a time when you were ill. You should say:
  • when this was
  • what your symptoms were
  • how long the illness lasted
  • and say how it affected your life at the time.

Part 3: Discussion questions

  1. Do you think playing sports is the ONLY way to maintain a good health (duy trí một sức khỏe tốt)?
  2. What, in your opinion, may affect a person’s health adversely? (ảnh hưởng xấu)
  3. What should people do to live a healthy long life?
  4. Do you think that people are now eating more healthfully than those some decades ago?
  5. It is important to have a positive outlook on life? (optimistic: lạc quan về cuộc sống)
  6. How can people balance their diet/ moderate their diet/ eat in moderation? (ăn uống điều độ)

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